11,000 BC - Today

Generally mild climate with
climatic shifts
Continents have their current shape
Most current species
Most current species
Homo sapiens


The Holocene is the name given to the last 11,000 years of the Earth's history -- the time since the end of the last major glacial epoch, or "ice age." Since then, there have been small-scale climate shifts but in general, the Holocene has been a relatively warm period in between ice ages.

Most flora and fauna seen today were already developed by the beginning of the Holocene. Homo sapiens had already evolved and spread throughout the globe by the end of the Pleistocene, but it is the Holocene that has witnessed all of humanity's recorded history.

Use the Holocene timeline to explore the evolution and history of the Delaware Bay and its horsehoe crabs.